From November 28-29 ICT4D.at was participating at the 2012 EU-Africa Cooperation Forum on ICT in Lisbon, Portugal and successfully presenting the ICT4D.MZ project to the community of experts, researchers, business people and policy makers in the context of ICT and EU-African partnerships.
The hashtag for the event was #EuroAfricaICT2012 and we covered the main panels and discussions live via our Twitterfeed. The steady stream of acronyms, abbreviations and ICT lingo fits nicely in the limited microblogging format and it was a good way to make sense of all the information coming up. The twitterwall behind the speakers’ panel was good for grasping the main talking points, but a bit of a distraction when presented during an ongoing session. It also functioned as an indirect Q&A-session for the audience to bring up issues not covered in the session. Thus the meta-reality feedback loop was complete.
The informative Welcoming speeches included talks by Commissioners from both the African and the European Union (Moctar Yedaly and Zoran Stančič). A Keynote Address by Ilari Patrick Lindy from the World Bank Institute draw our attention to an interesting study on eTransformation of ICT in Africa. Harry De Backer from the EEAS (European External Action Service) was giving an overview in how ICT funding has changed in the recent years.
We were happy to find out about other innovative projects in the field, such as the KINU Hub in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania co-founded by Catherinerose Barrett and the *iHub in Nairobi, Kenya presented by Jessica Colaço. Furthermore we were happy to meet Walter Mayer from ProGIS Software, an expert in Geo-information system and Felipe Batista from ARCTEL-CPLP, the Association of Communication and Telecommunication Regulators in the Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries. We can also proudly report, that we have witnessed the official launch of the UbuntuNet Alliance and Africa-Connect.
The whole event was executed flawlessly by the very welcoming hosts, a rich experience and a overall nice time in the beautiful city of Lisboa. Obrigada! Obrigado!
German article – Learning for a Responsible Life with a Global Horizon: Education Projects in Africa
Last month, at the international conference “Interactive and Competence-Orientated Education” in Brussels our member Margarete Grimus presented her article about education in Africa with a focus on ICT. The article is in German, the title “Lernen für ein verantwortliches Leben im globalen Horizont: Bildungsprojekte in Afrika” approximately translates to “Learning for a Responsible Life with a Global Horizon: Education Projects in Africa”.
I took the liberty to translate the abstract to English:
The development of the internet has opened perspectives in Africa in the last century which have been hampered by under-developed infrastructure before. The World Wide Web (WWW) can constitute a meaningful contribution to an increase in education standards – if lectureres know the potentials, have the necessary carefulness in dealing with ICTs and implements this in class. Education processes aim at the acquisition of knowledge, skills and approaches, digital literacy is a substantial part of education.
The different weight which is put on sectors such as gender or AIDS in the “first world” and in developing countries is extending experiences in both worlds. Insights in the education scene in Sub Sahara Africa are given with examples of the teacher education in Kano (Nigeria), health education in Cape Town (South Africa) and teacher education in Ghana.
So here you can download the article of Margarete Grimus. Here’s also the presentation slides she used:
Here’s the link for citation:
Grimus, Margarete. Lernen für ein verantwortliches Leben im globalen Horizont: Bildungsprojekte in Afrika. In: Holz, Oliver; Seebauer, Renate (Hrsg.): Interaktiver und kompetenzorientierter Unterricht. Interactive and Competence-Orientated Education. Verlag Dr. Kovac. Hamburg. S. 124-148 (ISBN: 978-3-8300-6422-0)
Thanks a lot to Margarete for providing this, it’s a very interesting read – especially having in mind our own projects.
German article – Learning for a Responsible Life with a Global Horizon: Education Projects in Africa
was published on 19.06.2012 by Florian Sturm. It files under global
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ICTD2010 is over now and we’re happy we were there, joined the organizers and got a very special view from behind the curtains on the conference. We are still publishing interviews and are planning for an extensive wrap up of the whole four days, but as the impressions are still fresh it’s time for me to write a very personal resume on what I’ve seen and heard there, and what I think is relevant for the ICT4D field as a whole.
Interdisciplinary research field vs. Mainstreaming ICT4D
What I really liked at ICTD2010 was that there were sessions and workshops covering many different topics. Different sector-specific viewpoints on ICT4D were all invited to the conference. There were tracks on health, microfinance, environment, gender, open source and many more.
The conference organisers identified this openness to other disciplines as the main reason why there were so many people wanting to participate. They event had to close their online registration early as a result of this big demand. Approximately 580 people registered it to the conference in the end.
Naturally, this diversity led to interesting discussions and fruitful exchange (as far as I can judge). To me it seemed to be a consensus at ICTD2010 to view ICT4D as an interdisciplinary research field on its own.
This of course opposes the view of several donor organisations who want to mainstream ICT4D in their general development efforts (here Richard Heek’s case against mainstreaming ICTs in development). In the Donor Voices session at the conference this tendency was underlined once more, especially by representatives of the Swiss, Canadian and German development cooperation.
It remains to be seen how this will develop.
Practitioners vs. Researchers
A topic which was addressed at several sessions at ICTD2010 was the gap between ICT4D practitioners and researchers.
At the conference, therefore people with both backgrounds were invited and already in the opening panel of the first day, Tim Unwin challenged five renowned practitioners to share their views and to “tell us (the researchers) what they think we should be doing”. Responses called for “focus more on people’s needs”, “more critical thinking”, “make sure community ownership” , “not focus too much on technology and tools”, “a directory of organizations working and researching in the field”, “justification to be able to work in ICT4D” or “research on the regional contextual differences”. See a wrap up of the Opening Panel: Practitioners Perspectives here.
Generally at the conference many people stated that practitioners and researchers should find an appropriate language to share their expertise, so they can simplify life for each other. Furthermore the need for better documented projects as well as more engagement of researchers in the field was raised.
An improvement which Anriette Esterhuysen identified in an interview we held with her was that “people are more willing now to talk about their failed projects”. Also, as is stated in the WWW foundation blog:
there were quite a few papers presenting failed initiatives. Failure can be as instructive as success. But as academic disciplines grow up, they become competitive for promotion and funding, and failure becomes shame.
This also fits with other recent initiatives to motivate people in ICT4D projects to publish their failure as well as their success (for example Mobileactive.org’s Failfare intitiative), as it’s people’s lives ICT4D projects are dealing with and repeating mistakes can have severe impacts.
Technology-driven vs. looking at the individual people’s needs
A very interesting sentence relating to this dilemma came from ICTD2010 programme chair Kentaro Toyama. Having swapped his position at Microsoft Research to the University of Berkeley recently, I asked him which differences between the two he noted in the approach to ICT4D. What he said was, that actually these different approaches to ICT4D drove him in the first place to take the position in Berkeley. At Microsoft Research he said, he was too much constrained to technology, which he considered not to be helpful in many cases (the complete interview with Kentaro Toyama here).
Many other voices also repeated the claim that “technology is not a silver bullet” and the need to look at the individual people’s needs. Kiss Abraham states in an interview we led with him that the focus on technology is de-humanizing the whole ICT4D debate and that much more research on the individual people’s needs and the changes technology brings to them is required. Ineke Buskens states in the same interview that researchers should keep in mind that real people with a purpose are behind all the research (complete interview with Ineke Buskens and Kiss Abraham here).
With our poster about “Stories from the Field: Mobile Phone Usage and its Impact on People’s Lives in East Africa” we were also addressed by a lot of interested people who said they were waiting for more research on such an individual level.
North and South
At ICTD2010 great focus was laid on bringing together researchers from “North” and “South”, to get away from the often-criticized approach to research FOR the target group, but not WITH them.
Furthermore, a very critical approach towards development was expressed. One very catchy quote on this topic was Geoff Walsham saying that development is not a final state, but we all are developing and that there is no need to consider countries of the “North” more developed than countries of the “South” (full length interview to be uploaded).
A novelty at ICTD2010 was the introduction of a Spanish track on the first day which was well attended. Dorothea Kleine said in our interview (full length interview to be uploaded) that conversations about ICT4D should be carried forward by different groups of people in different languages and that she hopes for more participation in languages other than English for future conferences.
Also Ineke Buskens tried to include French and Arabic speaking people in the ICTD2010 pre-confernce platform by translating several sent in texts to these languages.
Related to this, as was quoted by Whiteafrican and Afronline, the lack of ICT4D research by Africans was addressed. One paper (“ICTD Research by Africans: Origins, Interests, and Impact“) even specifically topicized the contributions of African researchers to the ICT4D debate. You can watch our interview with one of the authors – Paul Plantinga – at the ICT4D.at Youtube channel.
The decision to host the next ICTD conference in the Global North (Georgia Tech) was therefore heavily disputed and by some people regarded as a missed opportunity to bring ICT4D research back to the local, affected people. It must be stated though, that Georgia Tech obviously was the only university with a formal bid for ICTD2012, so the decision cannot be regarded as politically motivated.
Most of this is not new
An interesting and maybe worrying fact about the topics above, which I identified as substantial at the conference is that most of them are not new or just recently found out about.
We’ve all heard of that before, at conferences and events, in papers or news articles. As Tim Unwin states in our interview (part 2): “One of the things that probably sadden me most about the field is how little it has changed. We’re hearing much the same things we’ve heard for 3, 4, 5 years.”
Maybe the ICT4D field is still immature as is stated on the WWW foundation blog, maybe it is picking up slowly, or maybe the real decision makers – which are primarily the donors I would guess – don’t agree to the majority’s solution to the above mentioned topics as of yet. The “Voices of the donors” session at ICTD2010 suggests otherwise, but I’m curious if these “old” challenges will be resolved and new challenges will be identified until the next ICTD conference 2012, or if we’ll still be stuck with the current ones.
Some more videos from ICTD2010 we’ve uploaded to Youtube in the mean time.
First day – opening panel:
First day – pre-conference platform session:
Third day – wrap-up:
Interviews are constantly being uploaded, so check the ICT4D.at Youtube channel or watch them here:
Here at ICTD2010 we are busy shooting videos, doing interviews, capturing, logging, rendering and uploading. It’s more work than we imagined, but here are the results of what we have so far produced:
First day – opening:
Second day – wrap up:
Interview with Charlotte Masiello-Riome (e-Agriculture):
Inteerview with Jenny Perry (Surveybe):
But what is still to come? We have taken a lot of interviews, here a short selection of material we have and which still needs to be post-produced and uploaded.
- Interview with Dorothea Kleine
- Interview with Ugo Vallauri
- Interview with Tim Unwin
- Interview with Patricia Mechael
- Interview with Ineke Buskens and Kiss Abraham
- Interview with Geoff Walsham and Kiss Abraham
- Various other informative interviews with interesting people
- Wrap up of sessions and presentations day 1, 3 and 4
- Keynote speech of Sir Tim Berners-Lee
- Various other sessions and presentations
Furthermore it’s just day three and we’re intending to gather material tomorrow as well.
So make sure to check out the ICT4D.at Youtube channel frequently or become a friend or follower to get notifications on the updates automatically.
The hashtag for the whole event in #ICTD2010, so check http://search.twitter.com/search?q=%23ictd2010 for frequent updates.
On these Youtube channels you find videos of the conference:
Our video with flashlights of the first day is soon to come – we’ll announce it here when we’re finished.
From Monday 13.12. on we will be reporting from this year’s biggest ICT4D / ICTD conference – ICTD2010 at Royal Holloway, London. Our main job is to shoot interviews, sessions, presentations for a video-diaries for each day of the conference. People who can’t participate in person should that way get an impression of the discussions, talks and generally the vibe at the conference. Furthermore we will produce one video report covering the whole conference.
Al our material will be uploaded to our Youtube channel and some of it will be featured here on the blog.
So make sure to check it out frequently!
As already mentioned in a previous post, we are supporting Ineke Buskens and her team in the pre-conference to this year’s biggest ICT4D/ICTD conference – ICTD2010.
Everybody has the chance to participate there and we’re especially interested in “voices from the South” about what ICT4D/ICTD should and shouldn’t be. The texts sent in will be discussed in an own session at ICTD2010 conference, so even when you can’t come physically, you can make your voice heard!
Several researchers have already taken the chance to publish their views and here’s some links to interesting texts which might inspire you to comment or write your own text:
- Oum Kalthoum Ben Hassine raising the question The ICTs: for what kind of development? (English / French / Arabic)
If development concerns the sole economic growth, unlimited gain and extreme profit, ICTD will mean “ICT development in the north” and the development of markets dedicated for ICT products and tools, where unbridled conquest of new markets will target more and more developing countries within the framework of what we call “technology transfer”. This type of development has generated and still generates the “left behind”, excluded and marginalized, the third and fourth worlds, all excluded from progress and well being. [read more]
- Lina Abou-Habib presenting her thoughts on Researching ICT4D and/on ICT4T: On women, activism, transformation and ICT in MENA (English)
In replacing D (development) by T (transformation), the intent is not simply stylistic or superfluous! It is intended to reflect how many women, including myself, define development. In this case, I will define development as the right to have rights and the freedom to have and exercise choices. These are conditions sine qua none for development. For women, this means literally a transformation from a position of subordination and dependence to that of power and autonomy. [read more]
- Anne Webb sharing her critical remarks: How can ICT use strengthen movements for equality and social justice in the land of power and money? (English / French)
In my work with gender researchers who are exploring relationships between women’s empowerment and ICT, I see ICTs as additional tools at women’s disposal. These are tools that could, can and do increase our ways and means of communicating. […] We can design and use them to reinforce and expand our efforts to imagine and create a better world for women, a more equitable globe for all, environmentally sustainable socio-economic systems, and so forth.
But these electronic devices and platforms are tools to be used by any (who can access, afford and understand them) to their advantage. They are primarily developed and used in the interests of our current unsustainable, inequitable and destructive socio-economic system. [read more]
- Susan Bakesha introducing examples on the ambivalent possibilities of ICT usage in ICTs are a double edged sword: Tele-mothering vs tele-murdering (English)
The term development has been defined differently by many scholars. However, all definitions allude to one point: making life better. Proponents of ICT4D argue that ICTs play a pivotal role in supporting underdeveloped countries to achieve development in all spheres of life; political, economic and social. [read more]
So if you’re hungry for food for thought – just check out the ICTD2010 pre-conference platform, read the texts, comment on them (discussion pages are open to everyone) and if you want to have your own text published, send a mail to Ineke Buskens or me.
The aim of this platform is to give people who can’t participate at the conference the possibility to share their ideas and to “raise the voice of the South“, listening to the needs and critical voices of people affected by ICT4D / ICTD.
The main facilitator of the platform is Ineke Buskens, a gender, research and facilitation consultant living in the Western Cape, South Africa. Her introductory text to the platform – Bridging the Divides – is well worth a read. In there she states that the
lack of shared understanding of the main thrust and purpose of the ICTD or ICT4D project could be the main obstacle towards seeing the ICTD community evolve in such a way that we are all able to ‘celebrate one another’s unique strengths’
Furthermore she raises the question
what does development actually mean in ICTD? Does ICTD mean development of ICTs for the developing world? Does it mean developing markets for ICT products and tools in the developing world? Or does it mean engaging development with and through the use of ICTs in and with the developing world?
To contribute to this question and to bring in an often ignored perspective, she asks everybody
to contribute by sharing what they really and passionately want to share, having a southern perspective in their focus and the interest of the South in their heart, whether they are located in the South, in the North, or in both.
These contributions should be small texts – approximately one page. Two questions which she raises to kick-start this whole process are:
1) What are the ICT4D Research Needs in the developing world from a developing world perspective and why would you think so? Please be concrete and specific and go beyond general categories such as ‘health’, education etc.
2) What action projects have taken place in the developing world that were actually successful research projects, in the sense that they met a real need in a real way (and hence acted on valid and appropriate tacit knowledge) but did not have the ‘knowledge quest component’ worked out enough in their narrative to be recognized as research? Can you come up with examples and sketch what you think the knowledge quest would have been if it had been made explicit from the start?
So if you have answers to the questions and if you have something to say about these topics, please send in one-pagers to Ineke Buskens (email@example.com) or Florian Sturm (firstname.lastname@example.org) and join the discussion on the platform (the Discussion section is open for everybody). We are looking forward to your input.
ICTD2010 Pre-conference – we want to hear your voice!
was published on 21.10.2010 by Florian Sturm. It files under global
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If you are thinking about visiting the well known ICTD 2010, which takes place from 13th to 16th December in London, you should consider staying two more days and visit the probably more technology related ACM DEV 2010 as well.
The 1st Annual Symposium on Computing for Development is being planned for December 17-18, 2010 in Royal Holloway, University of London, following the co-located 2010 ICTD Conference. Check out the website fore more information.